Brutal fighting occurred in other islands as the Japanese maintained their hold for months, firing on the Americans with machine guns in caves among the hills. Honiara was made the capital and used to assist the American military effort in the Pacific.During this campaign, several islanders functioned as coastwatchers, providing valuable strategic information on Japanese naval, army and aircraft movement.
Honiara is a fast growing city of approximately 70,000 people where modern urban life is mixed with ancient traditions.
However the majority of Solomon Islanders still live in rural villages based in a subsistence economy of fishing, hunting and growing crops.
As well as agriculture and forestry, tourism is a very important sector of the small but growing economy.
Music and art play an important role in the lives of the Solomon Islanders.
Honiara, the capital, is located in the island of Guadalcanal.
Other islands include Malaita, Choiseul, Sikaiana, the Shortland Islands, the Santa Cruz Islands, and Tikopia.However, it is also believed that ancient Papuan-speaking peoples arrived in different parts of the Solomons as early as 25,000 to 30,000 BC.The earliest dates of human settlement have been established through carbon dating in a cave on Guadalcanal.In 1893, the British established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in response to German colonial expansion in the area.However, by 1900, the Germans ceded their interests and the Solomons fell completely under British colonial rule.Traditional ways of life are referred to by the Melanesian term , and reflect the people’s mostly Melanesian roots.