Solomon's Temple is also known as the first Beit Ha Mikdash (the First Temple).While all archaeologists agree that it stood on Mount Moriah, probably on the site of the present Gold Dome of the Rock, its exact location is unknown.(Archaeologists agree that the original Canaanite city and the City of David was located in what is now the Arab village of Silwan, a few meters south of the "modern" walls of the Old City.) David purchased the peak of Mount Moriah (2-Samuel -25) as the site for the future Temple and gathered the necessary building supplies. 6-8) describes in great detail how David's son, King Solomon, built and dedicated the Temple: "And it came to pass after the 408th year after the Children of Israel left Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel...
Yasser Arafat constantly repeats that there can be no peace without Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and total Muslim sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
Indeed, the last Camp David Summit floundered over Arafat's uncompromising position on the issue of controlling the site.
The Jews of Israel are currently locked into a conflict with their Palestinian Arab neighbors.
While the media bombards us with constant reports of violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, there is no doubt that the epicenter of the conflict lies in Jerusalem and more specifically on the Temple Mount in the Old City.
The great Jewish historian, Josephus, who lived during the end of the Second Temple period, gives detailed descriptions of both Herod's construction and the layout of the Temple compound (see "Antiquities" ch. It is possible that the Jews tried to rebuild the Temple at later periods, but they were never successful, and for over 600 years the site of the Temple Mount lay in ruins.
The only remains are the massive retaining walls that encompass Mount Moriah, built by Herod to support the platform on which the Temple stood.
It stood for 420 years on the same site as the First Temple, on Mount Moriah.
The Second Temple was remodeled several times, but reached its most magnificent form during the reign of King Herod the Great (37-4 BCE). The Second Temple period ended with the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
During both the First and Second Temple periods, the Temple was the central focus of the Jewish world both in Israel and the diaspora. The Kohanim (priests) and Levites served in the Temple, and three times a year ― during the holidays of Passover, Sukkot and Shavuot ― all Jews were commanded to come to Jerusalem and visit the Temple.
This rebuilt temple is known as the Second Temple (Bayit Sheni).
Is either party's claim for Jerusalem stronger, or is it merely a case of "might makes right?