And it was built by two fine self-taught masters, Postnik and Barma.
This "fairy-tale in stone" has delighted people with its unique forms and colours.
(Lobnoe mesto), and the Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed; 19th century - the monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the building of Historical museum and Upper Trade Rows (GUM), 20th century - Lenin's Mausoleum.
Although the square itself is not very big (695 metres long and 130 metres wide), it impresses one by the richness and variety of its forms which merge in austere harmony.
The ensemble is dominated by the Kremlin and the Lenin Mausoleum which stands by its walls. Nicholas towers emphasize the key position of this memorial which links the old ensemble with the present day.
In Russian, the square is called "Krasnaya Ploschad".
The word "krasnaya" means both "red" and "beautiful," and the latter, referring to St.
For the last eight centuries the Moscow Kremlin (or Kremle) was the witness of many glorious and tragicevents of our history.
There are explosions of hostile guns, celebration of holidays and boiling ofriots near the Kremlin walls.
Basil's Cathedral at the southern end of the square, was the original meaning. Basil's is once again being used for religious services, but one can still tour the inside, where the walls are decorated with antique icons.
The most famous and important of the old Russia'a memorial buildings, the Intercession Cathedral (also called the Cathedral of St.
Now the Moscow Kremlin is one of the greatest museums of the world.